US election 2020: A toolkit for ‘democracy-worthy’ coverage for journalists and readers

Over the past few weeks, I have been fortunate to work with the Election Coverage and Democracy Network, a group of more than 60 international experts who have developed a set of practical, evidence-based recommendations for how journalists should cover the next US Presidential election in a way that strengthens rather than weaken the democratic process.

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I have written a short article for The Conversation UK where I outline the reasons why we need news coverage to be responsible and act in the public interest, and in the interest of democracy, amidst what might be difficult circumstances if the electoral process is threatened before the vote, if the results are contested or one candidate fails to concede even if results are clear, and if civil unrest ensues after the vote.

As well as summarizing the key recommendations we make (download a copy here), I make two arguments.

First, that this is not only a job for US journalists, but for journalists all around the world, as international media — and British ones in particular — have sizable audiences overseas.

British media are very popular and influential in the US and they can play an important role in shaping how the American public will interpret the election and its aftermath. The BBC could well play a big role. Research has shown that 58% of Americans say they trust the broadcaster and 12% get at least some of their news from it each week. UK newspapers also have the potential to be influential players: in March 2020 the Guardian US recorded more than 114 million unique visits while the Daily Mail online attracts an estimated 73 million monthly unique visits in the US. Meanwhile, most readers of The Economist are in North America. And the influence won’t stop there – given their international prestige and recognition, British media are likely to shape news coverage of the US election all around the world.

Second, that readers can play an important role, by carefully choosing the kind of coverage we click on, read, and share online.

Readers and viewers have important roles to play as well. More than three-quarters of the UK population get their news online and nearly 40% on social media. The news that people choose to read on websites and news apps shapes the rankings that journalists and news executives use as indicators of what the public wants. The news they choose to share on social media influences the content that others discover on these platforms.

Please take a look at our website and follow our Twitter account, where we highlight many examples of news coverage that affirms what we call “democracy-worthy” values.

Call for Papers for a Special Issue of The International Journal of Press/Politics: “Protest and the Press”

Call for Papers for a Special Issue of The International Journal of Press/Politics

“Protest and the Press”

Guest editors:
Summer Harlow, University of Houston (sharlow@central.uh.edu)
Danielle Kilgo, University of Minnesota (dkilgo@umn.edu)

The changing racial and ethnic composition in many countries around the world has contributed to the rise of racist and xenophobic politics, as well as more active political participation by ethnic and racial minorities. Social protests against state-sanctioned police brutality, racial injustice, xenophobia, and Islamophobia—as well as pro-status quo protests such as those against increased migration, in favor of white supremacy, and even against the wearing of masks during a pandemic—have intensified in every region of the globe since the beginning of the new millennium. Previous research, particularly from Western societies, has shown that social movements need the media to help validate their agendas and mobilize supporters (Gamson & Wolsfeld, 1993). At the same time, mainstream news media routinely stigmatize collective action efforts, highlighting protesters’ deviance and marginalizing their goals, grievances, and demands (McLeod & Hertog, 1999). This delegitimizing pattern of news coverage, referred to in the literature as the “protest paradigm”, has prompted renewed interest from researchers seeking to understand how the paradigm operates around the world, in a digital era, when it comes to modern protests and hashtag activism (Jackson et al., 2020).

Over the past decade in particular, protest activity around racial injustice and conservative backlash has skyrocketed. This includes, among other examples: the massive 2020 protests over the killing of George Floyd in the United States that triggered (the revival and attention to) additional movements in countries around the world including Australia, the United Kingdom, and Kenya; right-wing anti-mask/anti-lockdown protests (e.g., in the United States and Brazil); repression and coverage of protests against citizenship laws targeting Muslims in India; protests against China’s national security laws in Hong Kong; the 2019 anti-government demonstrations in Sudan where hundreds of protesters were killed, and recent anti-immigration protests in Italy sparked by fears of COVID-19.

This special issue of The International Journal of Press/Politics aims to provide new research perspectives on how news media’s coverage of police and protests contributes to the legitimization of some movements and the delegitimization of others, with the goal of fleshing out the hierarchies of social struggle created by the press (Kilgo & Harlow, 2019) and the effects of that hierarchy on the public.

Recent research explores mediating factors that might diminish adherence to the protest paradigm, including the level of formality of a country’s political system (Streeck & Kenworthy, 2005; Shahin et al., 2016); the ideology of the media outlet and of the protesters (Claussen, 2000; Luther & Miller, 2005); and whether the coverage appears in traditional media, online-only publications, or social media (e.g., Harlow & Johnson, 2011; Harlow et al., 2020; see also this edited collection of articles on news coverage of protests published in IJPP). These, too, are likely contributors to the hierarchy of social struggle, helping us better predict when coverage of social movements will be more or less delegitimizing. This special issue seeks articles situating different movements, protests, demonstrations, rallies, and unrest within the hierarchy in order to identify other mediating factors that influence protest coverage and its ability to affect public opinion.

Research that offers a nuanced understanding of the effects of news coverage on public opinion is currently limited (but see Arpan et al., 2008; Kilgo & Mourao, 2019), so with this issue we aim to address that gap and shed new light on the ways in which news coverage might help or hinder social movements’ ability to mobilize supporters and acquire or strengthen their legitimacy. Methodologically, inquiries based on the protest paradigm have mostly been limited to content analyses, thereby overlooking the role of journalists or audiences. Scholarship also mostly neglects the perspective of activists and protesters. Further, most protest paradigm research is limited to the Global North. We therefore seek research overcoming these limitations to develop cumulative knowledge that explains the boundaries of the paradigm in an age of digital news and digitally enabled protest.

In addition, we call for research that moves beyond the paradigm, considering shifts in axiological and epistemological philosophies and pushing away from normative presumptions of news media’s allegiance to traditional journalistic routines, norms, and values. We encourage researchers to identify theoretical approaches that might explain and predict journalism’s role in contributing to broader power structures that suppress—or embolden– dissent.

We seek contributions that broaden the scope of research on protest and the press geographically, methodologically, and theoretically, and we particularly encourage comparative studies to better understand how contextual specificities, including media, criminal justice, and political systems, as well as culture, social and economic inequalities, racism, and ethnocentrism, might play a role in media representations of protest and audience and movement responses to those representations. This special issue aims to host contributions that offer a more holistic, global understanding of news coverage of protests and repression of protests, and the news media’s contribution to the public’s willingness to support protesters and their causes. Additionally, this special issue seeks to showcase fresh possibilities for theory development, methodological innovation, and cross-national comparisons to move past asking whether the protest paradigm remains relevant in this digital age, and instead interrogate new approaches to how, when, and why the relationships between media and protest vary around the world, what other factors may affect news coverage and audience responses, and what the consequences are not just for activists and movements in terms of repression or validation and mobilization, but also for social and policy change more broadly.

With this special issue we aim to bring together scholarly expertise from various disciplines and parts of the world. In particular, we encourage inter-disciplinary work that bridges different subdisciplines within communication as well as integrating approaches from sociology, political science, and criminal justice, among others. We also encourage submissions from scholars in under-represented regions to consider how the practice and discourse of news, police, and protests in non-Western countries varies from, and enables to expand, knowledge deriving from existing research.

We welcome contributions with a broad range of questions and methods. Possible topics include but are not limited to:

  • The myth of objectivity and the ethics of journalists covering protests and policing of protests from a particular standpoint
  • News values and the impact on coverage of relying on police as sources
  • The influence of social media platforms on media representations of police and protesters, from the perspective of users and of journalists
  • Analysis of the share-worthiness of news coverage of protests, and how narratives can create and discourage online engagement among news audiences
  • The mainstream media’s role and influence compared to alternative media sources, including social media influencer discourse and viral media
  • Visual analysis of protest images, including violent and peaceful depictions of protesters and police
  • Effects of protest representation on public opinion and interpretations of protest
  • The relationships between social movement actors, activists, citizen protesters, and local and national news media
  • Comparative analysis of protest coverage around the world for transnational protests or protests with similar agendas
  • Analysis of the intersection of freedom of speech and journalism, including how journalists understand freedom of speech personally and professionally
  • Differences in media representations of right-wing and left-wing protests
  • The relationships between misinformation, disinformation, and protest coverage
  • Qualitative or critical analyses of protest coverage and imagery.

Submission information

Manuscript submissions for this special issue are due on 15 September 2021. Please submit your work through the journal’s online submission portal and ensure that the first line of the cover letter states: “Manuscript to be considered for the special issue on Protest and the Press.” Manuscripts should follow the IJPP submission guidelines. Submissions will be subject to a double-blind peer review process and must not have been published, accepted for publication, or under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Please note that, to ensure consistency, submissions will only be considered for peer review after the 15 September 2021 deadline has passed.

Authors interested in submitting their work are encouraged to contact the guest editors, Summer Harlow (sharlow@central.uh.edu) or Danielle Kilgo (dkilgo@umn.edu) with questions.

Expected timeline

  • Paper submissions: 15 September 2021
  • First decision: 15 January 2022
  • Paper revisions due: 15 March 2022
  • Final decision: 15 May 2022
  • Online publication: July 2022
  • Print publication: October 2022

References

Arpan, L. M., Baker, K., Lee, Y., Jung, T., Lorusso, L., & Smith, J. (2006). News coverage of social protests and the effects of photographs and prior attitudes. Mass Communication & Society9(1), 1-20.

Claussen DS (2000) “So far, news coverage of Promise Keepers has been more like advertising”: The strange case of Christian men and print mass media. In Claussen D (ed) The Promise Keepers: Essays on Masculinity and Christianity. Jefferson, NC, USA: McFarland.

Gamson, W. A., & Wolfsfeld, G. (1993). Movements and media as interacting systems. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science528(1), 114-125.

Harlow, S. & Johnson, T.J. (2011). Overthrowing the protest paradigm? How The New York Times, Global Voices and Twitter covered the Egyptian Revolution. International Journal of Communication, 5, 1359-1374.

Harlow, S., Kilgo, D. K., Salaverría, R., & García-Perdomo, V. (2020). Is the Whole World Watching? Building a Typology of Protest Coverage on Social Media from Around the World. Journalism Studies, 1-19.

Jackson, S. J., Bailey, M., & Welles, B. F. (2020). # HashtagActivism: Networks of Race and Gender Justice. MIT Press.

Kilgo, D. K., & Harlow, S. (2019). Protests, media coverage, and a hierarchy of social struggle. The International Journal of Press/Politics24(4), 508-530.

Kilgo, D., & Mourão, R. R. (2019). Media Effects and Marginalized Ideas: Relationships Among Media Consumption and Support for Black Lives Matter. International Journal of Communication13 (2019), 1487-4305.

Luther, C.A. & Miller, M.M. (2005) Framing of the 2003 US-Iraq war demonstrations: An analysis of news and partisan texts. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 82: 78–96.   

 McLeod, D. M., & Hertog, J. K. (1999). Social control, social change and the mass media’s role in the regulation of protest groups. Mass media, social control, and social change: A macrosocial perspective, 305-330.

Shahin, S., Zheng, P., Sturm, H.A. & Fadnis, D. (2016). Protesting the paradigm: A comparative study of news coverage of protests in Brazil, China and India. The International Journal of Press/Politics 21: 143–164. Streeck, W., & Kenworthy, L. (2005). Theories and Practices of Neocorporatism. In T. Janoski, R. Alford, A. Hicks, & M. A. Schwartz (Eds.) The Handbook of Political Sociology: States, Civil Societies, and Globalization (pp. 441–460). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Videos of the 2020 International Journal of Press/Politics Virtual Conference

On September 21-24, 2020, I organized the 2020 conference of The International Journal of Press/Politics. For the first time, the conference was held virtually. I am now pleased to share videos of the proceedings. This page will be updated periodically as new videos become available. A playlist with all the videos is also available.

Monday 21 September

Opening remarks
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University, Editor-in-Chief of The International Journal of Press-Politics)

Honoring the winner of the IJPP 2020 Best Book Award

Thomas Hanitzsch (Ludwig Maximilian University Munich), Folker Hanusch (University of Vienna), Jyotika Ramaprasad (University of Miami), and Arnold S. de Beer (Stellenbosch University), authors of Worlds of Journalism: Journalistic Cultures Around the Globe

News coverage of public affairs

Reporting the digital election campaign: Digital Platforms Companies and their Democratic Responsibilities
Kate Dommett (University of Sheffield)

Narratives of Terrorism: a study of terrorism reporting by CNN and Al-Arabiya in their English and Arabic websites
Waad Arif (University of Leeds)

Uneven Parts, An Even Whole? Political Parties’ Access to Radio and Television in Contemporary Poland (2015-2019)
Radosław Sojak, Andrzej Meler, and Beata Królicka (Nicolaus Copernicus University)

Structure and dynamics of contemporary news ecosystems

The anatomy of European political information environments
Laia Castro (University of Zurich), Toril Aalberg (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Ana Sofia Cardenal (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya), Nicoleta Corbu (National University of Political Studies and Public Administration), Claes de Vreese (University of Amsterdam), Frank Esser (University of Zurich), David Nicolas Hopmann (University of Southern Denmark), Karolina Koc-Michalska (Audencia Business School), Jörg Matthes (University of Vienna), Christian Schemer (Johannes Gutenberg University), Tamir Sheafer (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Sergio Splendore (Università degli Studi di Milano), James Stanyer (Loughborough University), Agnieszka Stępińska (Adam Mickiewicz University), Jesper Strömbäck (University of Gothenburg), Václav Štětka (Loughborough University), Yannis Theocharis (University of Bremen), Peter Van Aelst (University of Antwerp)

The logic of media-government conflict: Finding equilibrium in news, press freedom and public trust
Francisco Brandão (University of Brasilia and Chamber of Deputies of Brazil)

Imitating the news: Political communication, parasitic news formats and the decline of journalistic authority
Mattias Ekman, Andreas Widholm (Stockholm University)

Digital media and political engagement

Social media use and collective action: Detailing the mediating role of injustice in the social identity model of collective action in China’s coronavirus pandemic mitigation
Xin Zhao (Bournemouth University), Mengfei Guan (University of Arkansas), Xinya Liang (University of Arkansas)

“Yes I can” in the digital era? A meta-analysis of political efficacy, online participation and offline participation
Jennifer Oser (Ben-Gurion University), Shelley Boulianne (MacEwan University), Amit Levinson (Ben-Gurion University)

Platform matters: political expression on social media
Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés), Pablo J. Boczkowski (Northwestern University), Camila Giuliano (Universidad de San Andrés)

Tuesday 22 September

Media, voice, and inequality
Chair: Kari Steen-Johnsen (Institute for Social Research, Oslo)

Women’s perceptions of female politicians in the UAE: An intersectional approach
Leysan Khakimova Storie (Lund University), Sarah Marschlich (University of Fribourg)

Is mediactivism a kind of poor journalism?
Ana Cristina Suzina (Loughborough University London)

Humbug and outrage: The perils of invoking the memory of Jo Cox MP and what it reveals about the emotional political atmosphere of the UK Parliament
Katy Parry, Beth Johnson (University of Leeds)

Political disinformation: Dynamics and remedies
Chair: David Smith (University of Leicester, Managing Editor of IJPP)

‘Online strategic lying’ and ‘permission to lie’: The case of Brexit and the 2019 UK election
Ivor Gaber (University of Sussex), Caroline Fisher (University of Canberra)

Losing Friends Over Politics: Understanding Social Sanctions on Facebook in the US and in Brazil
Patricia Rossini (University of Liverpool), Jennifer Stromer-Galley (Syracuse University), Erica Anita Baptista (Federal University of Minas Gerais), Vanessa Veiga de Oliveira (Federal University of Minas Gerais)

Resilience to Disinformation: A Comparative Analysis of Engagement with Disinformation on Social Media
Anna Staender (University of Zurich), Edda Humprecht (University of Zurich), Sophie Morosoli (University of Antwerp), Frank Esser (University of Zurich), Peter Van Aelst (University of Antwerp)

Politics in unusual places: Fragmentation and reconfiguration of politics in contemporary media
Chair: Sabina Mihelj (Loughborough University)

A Silent Arm: A Study of the Path and Forms of Online Political Participation of Chinese Fan Groups
Yu Ruikai, Jiang Longqing, Shi Qi, Guo Jinqi, Cao Ruiling (Communication University of China)

Endangering the Common Core? Personalized Information and the Fragmentation of the Public Agenda
Melanie Magin (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Stefan Geiß (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Birgit Stark (Johannes Gutenberg University), Pascal Jürgens (Johannes Gutenberg University)

Avenues to News and Diverse News Exposure Online: Comparing Direct Navigation, Social Media, News Aggregators, Search Queries, and Article Hyperlinks
Magdalena Wojcieszak (University of California at Davis), Ericka Menchen-Trevino (American University), Brian Weeks (University of Michigan)

Political fragmentation in the online domain: Evidence from a structural topic modelling approach in France, Germany, and the UK
Raphael Heiberger (University of Bremen), Silvia Majó-Vázquez (University of Oxford), Laia Castro (University of Zurich), Rasmus K. Nielsen (University of Oxford), Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

Wednesday 23 September

Media and the many facets of the State
Chair: Chris Anderson (University of Leeds, Associate Editor of IJPP)

Censorship Circumvention Tool Use in Iran: An Individual-Level Analysis
Aysenur Dal (Bilkent University, Turkey), Erik Nisbet (Northwestern University)

From Jacob Zuma to Cyril Ramaphosa: Changing media/state relationship in South Africa, 2019 – 2020
Khanyile Mlotshwa (University of KwaZulu-Natal)

Media pluralism and democratic consolidation: a recipe for success?
Fatima el Issawi (University of Essex/London School of Economics)

Alternative news in the Russian public diplomacy strategy
Aleksandra Raspopina (City University of London)

The spread and correction of political disinformation
Chair: Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University)

Do issue attitudes drive the spread of disinformation? An experimental study on the interaction with disinformation on social media
Sophie Morosoli (University of Antwerp), Peter Van Aeslt (University of Antwerp), Edda Humprecht (University of Zurich), Anna Staender (University of Zurich), Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

Countering disinformation by fact-checking journalism: An analysis of news output and editorial judgements during the 2019 UK general election campaign
Nikki Soo, Marina Morani, Maria Kyriakidou, Stephen Cushion (Cardiff University)

Exposure to low-quality news on WhatsApp: A study of six countries
Simge Andı, Richard Fletcher (University of Oxford)

Determinants and effects of media exposure
Chair: Shelley Boulianne (MacEwan University)

Populist and pessimistic? The role of populist attitudes in election projections
Naama Weiss-Yaniv (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Tali Aharoni (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Sina Blassnig (University of Zürich), Christian Baden (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

News Literacy and the Use of Social Media for News in 5 Countries
Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen (University of Oxford)

Embedding, quoting, or paraphrasing? Investigating the effects of political leaders’ tweets in online news articles: The case of Donald Trump
Delia Dumitrescu (University of East Anglia), Andrew R.N. Ross (Loughborough University)

The Effects of Gender Stereotypes on Attitudes and Emotions toward Refugees
Yossi David (Johannes Gutenberg University)

Thursday 24 September

Roundtable: The challenges of publishing research from and about the Global South and what we can do about it
Chair: Janet Steele (George Washington University)

Participants: Tanja Bosch (University of Cape Town), Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés), Taberez Neyazi (National University of Singapore), Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University), Gayathry Venkiteswaran (University of Nottingham Malaysia), Silvio Waisbord (George Washington University)

Moderator: Ana Langer (University of Glasgow)

Insult, Scandals, and Attacks: Exploring the dark side of political communication
Chair: Kate Dommett (University of Sheffield)

Politics of Insults: A Threat to Constitutional Democracy in Ghana
Mohammed Marzuq Abubakari (University of Applied Management)

Holding the Fallible to Account: A Comparison of Media Scandal Coverage in the US and UK
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University), Paul D’Angelo (The College of New Jersey)

Self-Defense or Self-Censorship? How Journalists Respond to Populist Attacks on the Media
Ayala Panievsky (University of Cambridge)

Media and the fabric of democracy
Chair: Sophie Lecheler (University of Vienna, Associate Editor of IJPP)

Democratization and Civic Communication: Examining the Communication Mediation Model Under Various Trajectories of Democratization
Porismita Borah (Washington State University), Matthew Barnidge (The University of Alabama), Hernando Rojas (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Understanding the ‘Logic of the Public’ in Contemporary Political Affairs Coverage
Sina Blassnig, Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

How social media use promotes political cynicism
Ariel Hasell, Brian Weeks (University of Michigan)

Concluding remarks
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University, Editor-in-Chief of The International Journal of Press-Politics)

A Note of Gratitude and Hope after #ijpp20

Hosting the first virtual edition of the annual conference of The International Journal of Press/Politics has been a great challenge that yielded even greater rewards. Like many other organizations, we strove to adapt to the very difficult circumstances that COVID-19 imposed on everyone’s personal and professional lives. We first changed the conference dates from June to September 2020, in hopes that the situation would improve by then, but when it became clear that this was not going to be the case, we decided to hold #ijpp20 as an online, synchronous conference.

As a result, the sixth edition of the journal’s conference was way more inclusive than in the past. It brought together nearly 600 people, coming from 75 different countries, many of whom may not have been able to travel to the United Kingdom to participate in a physical event. Thanks to generous voluntary contributions from more than 80 participants, we raised nearly £1,000, which meant we could make the conference free for everyone, as well as creating a small surplus that will enable us to offer fee waivers to scholars from disadvantaged backgrounds next year.

In 2019, when we hosted our last face-to-face conference in Loughborough, we had a total of 64 participants. During this year’s virtual conference, there was hardly any moment when we had fewer than 80 people connected live at the same time. The number of participants who logged on for at least a few minutes was 254 on the first day, 208 on the second, 203 on the third, and 174 on the fourth and final day. Moreover, video recordings of the whole conference will soon be available on YouTube, so that we can engage an even broader community and for a longer period of time.

I am very grateful for, and awed by, the interest our conference has attracted from all corners of the world. For a journal whose title starts with the word “International”, and whose mission is to expand our understanding of the relationships between media and politics in a global perspective, the impressive breadth of this community is definitely a step forward, and one that we will try to build on in future editions of the conference.

To start putting some flesh on the bones of this commitment to global inclusion, the conference featured a roundtable on what we can do to increase the international visibility of research on media and politics from the “Global South” (a term that has its own problems, to be sure, as we discussed during the panel). Organized by Ana Langer (University of Glasgow) and chaired by Janet Steele (University of Washington), the roundtable included Tanja Bosch (University of Cape Town), Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés), Taberez Neyazi (National University of Singapore), Gayathry Venkiteswaran (University of Nottingham Malaysia), Silvio Waisbord (George Washington University), and myself.

To get the conversation started, I presented some data on the geographic distribution of the research and scholars IJPP has published over the nearly 25 years of its existence. You can download my presentation here. And here is the full video of the roundtable, where panelists and attendees offered many compelling insights on the causes and possible solutions to the structural inequalities that still make our knowledge of media and politics too partial and limited, especially at a time when the institutions and normative assumptions of liberal democracy are weakening even in the “Global North”.

Right before the conference, we also launched an edited collection titled “Media and Politics in the Global South and in Global Perspective, which includes 29 excellent articles published in the journal over the past few years, free to download until 31 October 2020. Very many thanks to SAGE Publications for supporting this and other initiatives that help make our research more accessible.

I am very grateful to everyone who has contributed to making this virtual conference a success: presenters, chairs, participants, and supporters. I am also grateful to my predecessor as Editor-in-Chief of IJPP, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen, for creating this conference and making it a unique space for lively discussions on media and politics in a global world. And I am hopeful that the next time we meet again, in September 2021, we will all be healthy, safe, and sane, and we will have gone through and overcome the many challenges that await us in the next months. Take care everyone!

Program of the 2020 International Journal of Press/Politics Virtual Conference (21-24 September 2020)

I am delighted to share the program of the 2020 conference of The International Journal of Press/Politics. For the first time, the conference will be held virtually. The online videoconferencing system will be able to host up to 500 attendees at any time. The video feed of the proceedings will be recorded and made publicly available shortly after the conference.

Last updated 14 September 2020.

Logistics
The conference will be held via a secure Zoom link shared only with participants and attendees.
All times are British Summer Time (BST), or UTC+1 (see Time Zone Converter).
For each paper, participants will have a total of 25 minutes, which includes both paper presentation and live discussion. Presentation of each paper will be immediately followed by discussion of the paper.
Each day will end with a networking meeting, participation in which is entirely voluntary.

Registration
Those who would like to attend the conference need to sign up here. Those who sign up will receive the conference Zoom link in the morning of 21 September. The link will be shared only with conference presenters and those who signed up to attend. It will not be published anywhere. Registration fees can be paid here. The fees are £25 for presenters and £5 for attendees. Payment of the registration fees is entirely voluntary for both presenters and attendees.

*****

Monday 21 September, 1pm-6pm

1:00-1:05pm Opening remarks
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University, Editor-in-Chief of The International Journal of Press-Politics)

1:05-1:30pm Honoring the winner of the IJPP 2020 Best Book Award
Chair: Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

Thomas Hanitzsch (Ludwig Maximilian University Munich), Folker Hanusch (University of Vienna), Jyotika Ramaprasad (University of Miami), and Arnold S. de Beer (Stellenbosch University), authors of Worlds of Journalism: Journalistic Cultures Around the Globe

1:30-2:45pm News coverage of public affairs
Chair: Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

Reporting the digital election campaign: Digital Platforms Companies and their Democratic Responsibilities
Kate Dommett (University of Sheffield)

Narratives of Terrorism: a study of terrorism reporting by CNN and Al-Arabiya in their English and Arabic websites
Waad Arif (University of Leeds)

Uneven Parts, An Even Whole? Political Parties’ Access to Radio and Television in Contemporary Poland (2015-2019)
Radosław Sojak, Andrzej Meler, and Beata Królicka (Nicolaus Copernicus University)

2:45-4:00pm Structure and dynamics of contemporary news ecosystems
Chair: Sandra Gonzalez-Bailon (University of Pennsylvania, Associate Editor of IJPP)

The anatomy of European political information environments
Laia Castro (University of Zurich), Toril Aalberg (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Ana Sofia Cardenal (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya), Nicoleta Corbu (National University of Political Studies and Public Administration), Claes de Vreese (University of Amsterdam), Frank Esser (University of Zurich), David Nicolas Hopmann (University of Southern Denmark), Karolina Koc-Michalska (Audencia Business School), Jörg Matthes (University of Vienna), Christian Schemer (Johannes Gutenberg University), Tamir Sheafer (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Sergio Splendore (Università degli Studi di Milano), James Stanyer (Loughborough University), Agnieszka Stępińska (Adam Mickiewicz University), Jesper Strömbäck (University of Gothenburg), Václav Štětka (Loughborough University), Yannis Theocharis (University of Bremen), Peter Van Aelst (University of Antwerp)

The logic of media-government conflict: Finding equilibrium in news, press freedom and public trust
Francisco Brandão (University of Brasilia and Chamber of Deputies of Brazil)

Imitating the news: Political communication, parasitic news formats and the decline of journalistic authority
Mattias Ekman, Andreas Widholm (Stockholm University)

4:00-5:15pm Digital media and political engagement
Chair: Yannis Theocharis (University of Bremen, book reviews editor of IJPP)

Social media use and collective action: Detailing the mediating role of injustice in the social identity model of collective action in China’s coronavirus pandemic mitigation
Xin Zhao (Bournemouth University), Mengfei Guan (University of Arkansas), Xinya Liang (University of Arkansas)

“Yes I can” in the digital era? A meta-analysis of political efficacy, online participation and offline participation
Jennifer Oser (Ben-Gurion University), Shelley Boulianne (MacEwan University), Amit Levinson (Ben-Gurion University)

Platform matters: political expression on social media
Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés), Pablo J. Boczkowski (Northwestern University), Camila Giuliano (Universidad de San Andrés)

5:15-6:00pm Networking Meeting

*****

Tuesday 22 September, 9am-2pm

9:00-10:15am Media, voice, and inequality
Chair: Kari Steen-Johnsen (Institute for Social Research, Oslo)

Women’s perceptions of female politicians in the UAE: An intersectional approach
Leysan Khakimova Storie (Lund University), Sarah Marschlich (University of Fribourg)

Is mediactivism a kind of poor journalism?
Ana Cristina Suzina (Loughborough University London)

Humbug and outrage: The perils of invoking the memory of Jo Cox MP and what it reveals about the emotional political atmosphere of the UK Parliament
Katy Parry, Beth Johnson (University of Leeds)

10:15–11:30am Political disinformation: Dynamics and remedies
Chair: David Smith (University of Leicester, Managing Editor of IJPP)

‘Online strategic lying’ and ‘permission to lie’: The case of Brexit and the 2019 UK election
Ivor Gaber (University of Sussex), Caroline Fisher (University of Canberra)

Losing Friends Over Politics: Understanding Social Sanctions on Facebook and WhatsApp in the US and in Brazil
Patricia Rossini (University of Liverpool), Jennifer Stromer-Galley (Syracuse University), Erica Anita Baptista (Federal University of Minas Gerais), Vanessa Veiga de Oliveira (Federal University of Minas Gerais)

Resilience to Disinformation: A Comparative Analysis of Engagement with Disinformation on Social Media
Anna Staender (University of Zurich), Edda Humprecht (University of Zurich), Sophie Morosoli (University of Antwerp), Frank Esser (University of Zurich), Peter Van Aelst (University of Antwerp)

11:30-1:10pm Politics in unusual places: Fragmentation and reconfiguration of politics in contemporary media
Chair: Sabina Mihelj (Loughborough University)

A Silent Arm: A Study of the Path and Forms of Online Political Participation of Chinese Fan Groups
Yu Ruikai, Jiang Longqing, Shi Qi, Guo Jinqi, Cao Ruiling (Communication University of China)

Endangering the Common Core? Personalized Information and the Fragmentation of the Public Agenda
Melanie Magin (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Stefan Geiß (Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Birgit Stark (Johannes Gutenberg University), Pascal Jürgens (Johannes Gutenberg University)

Avenues to News and Diverse News Exposure Online: Comparing Direct Navigation, Social Media, News Aggregators, Search Queries, and Article Hyperlinks
Magdalena Wojcieszak (University of California at Davis), Ericka Menchen-Trevino (American University), Brian Weeks (University of Michigan)

Political fragmentation in the online domain: Evidence from a structural topic modelling approach in France, Germany, and the UK
Raphael Heiberger (University of Bremen), Silvia Majó-Vázquez (University of Oxford), Laia Castro (University of Zurich), Rasmus K. Nielsen (University of Oxford), Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

1:10-2pm Networking Meeting

*****

Wednesday 23 September, 9am-2pm

9:00-10:40am Media and the many facets of the State
Chair: Chris Anderson (University of Leeds, Associate Editor of IJPP)

Censorship Circumvention Tool Use in Iran: An Individual-Level Analysis
Aysenur Dal (Bilkent University, Turkey), Erik Nisbet (Northwestern University)

From Jacob Zuma to Cyril Ramaphosa: Changing media/state relationship in South Africa, 2019 – 2020
Khanyile Mlotshwa (University of KwaZulu-Natal)

Media pluralism and democratic consolidation: a recipe for success?
Fatima el Issawi (University of Essex/London School of Economics)

Alternative news in the Russian public diplomacy strategy
Aleksandra Raspopina (City University of London)

10:40-11:55am The spread and correction of political disinformation
Chair: Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University)

Do issue attitudes drive the spread of disinformation? An experimental study on the interaction with disinformation on social media
Sophie Morosoli (University of Antwerp), Peter Van Aeslt (University of Antwerp), Edda Humprecht (University of Zurich), Anna Staender (University of Zurich), Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

Countering disinformation by fact-checking journalism: An analysis of news output and editorial judgements during the 2019 UK general election campaign
Nikki Soo, Marina Morani, Maria Kyriakidou, Stephen Cushion (Cardiff University)

Exposure to low-quality news on WhatsApp: A study of six countries
Simge Andı, Richard Fletcher (University of Oxford)

11:55am-1:35pm Determinants and effects of media exposure
Chair: Shelley Boulianne (MacEwan University)

Populist and pessimistic? The role of populist attitudes in election projections
Naama Weiss-Yaniv (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Tali Aharoni (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Sina Blassnig (University of Zürich), Christian Baden (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

News Literacy and the Use of Social Media for News in 5 Countries
Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen (University of Oxford)

Embedding, quoting, or paraphrasing? Investigating the effects of political leaders’ tweets in online news articles: The case of Donald Trump
Delia Dumitrescu (University of East Anglia), Andrew R.N. Ross (Loughborough University)

The Effects of Gender Stereotypes on Attitudes and Emotions toward Refugees
Yossi David (Johannes Gutenberg University)

1:35-2:00pm Networking Meeting

*****

Thursday 24 September, 1pm-6pm

1:00-2-30pm Roundtable: The challenges of publishing research from and about the Global South and what we can do about it
Chair: Janet Steele (George Washington University)

Participants: Tanja Bosch (University of Cape Town), Eugenia Mitchelstein (Universidad de San Andrés), Taberez Neyazi (National University of Singapore), Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University), Gayathry Venkiteswaran (University of Nottingham Malaysia), Silvio Waisbord (George Washington University)

Moderator: Ana Langer (University of Glasgow)

2:30-3:45pm Insult, Scandals, and Attacks: Exploring the dark side of political communication
Chair: Kate Dommett (University of Sheffield)

Politics of Insults: A Threat to Constitutional Democracy in Ghana
Mohammed Marzuq Abubakari (University of Applied Management)

Holding the Fallible to Account: A Comparison of Media Scandal Coverage in the US and UK
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University), Paul D’Angelo (The College of New Jersey)

Self-Defense or Self-Censorship? How Journalists Respond to Populist Attacks on the Media
Ayala Panievsky (University of Cambridge)

3:45-5:00pm Media and the fabric of democracy
Chair: Sophie Lecheler (University of Vienna, Associate Editor of IJPP)

Democratization and Civic Communication: Examining the Communication Mediation Model Under Various Trajectories of Democratization
Porismita Borah (Washington State University), Matthew Barnidge (The University of Alabama), Hernando Rojas (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Understanding the ‘Logic of the Public’ in Contemporary Political Affairs Coverage
Sina Blassnig, Frank Esser (University of Zurich)

How social media use promotes political cynicism
Ariel Hasell, Brian Weeks (University of Michigan)

5:00pm Conclusions and farewell
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University, Editor-in-Chief of The International Journal of Press-Politics)

5:15-6:00pm Networking Meeting

*****

New Special Issue of IJPP: “Digital Threats to Democracy: Comparative Lessons and Possible Remedies”

Issue 3-2020 of The International Journal of Press/Politics is now out in print and it is a special issue on “Digital Threats to Democracy: Comparative Lessons and Possible Remedies”, which I guest-edited with Mike Miller from the Social Science Research Council.

This has been a long and enlightening journey, starting from a call for papers for a research workshop held at the SSRC in New York in June 2019, continuing with a second call for papers for journal manuscripts open to both workshop participants and other authors, and then through to various rounds of peer review and refinements to what was already a very strong pool of articles. The special issue includes eight research articles covering 23 countries in 4 different continents.

In our Introduction, Mike Miller and I chronicle the different ways in which scholars have thought and researched the role of the internet in democratic promotion, consolidation, and governance and reflect upon some of the challenges for future research in this area. We also introduce the contribution to the special issue as follows:

“The eight contributions collected in this Special Issue advance our understanding of some potential sources of digital threats to democracy, of how citizens are affected by and may contribute to these threats, and of some possible solutions to these problems. These studies combine a variety of disciplinary perspectives—political science, media and communication, and sociology—and employ a variety of methods—computational analysis, in-depth interviews, focus groups, surveys, analysis of secondary data, and policy analysis—often combining multiple approaches and comparing different countries. The articles cover twenty-three countries in four different continents, including established Western democracies (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States), a younger, and arguably backsliding, Eastern European democracy (Poland), an East Asian democracy (Taiwan), and two authoritarian regimes (Myanmar and Russia).”

The table of contents of the special issue is below. All articles will be accessible for free until the end of September 2020.

Introduction
Digital Threats to Democracy: Comparative Lessons and Possible Remedies
Michael L. Miller and Cristian Vaccari

Articles
Cross-Platform State Propaganda: Russian Trolls on Twitter and YouTube during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election
Yevgeniy Golovchenko, Cody Buntain, Gregory Eady, Megan A. Brown, and Joshua A. Tucker

Relatively Democratic: How Perceived Internet Interference Shapes Attitudes about Democracy
Elizabeth Stoycheff

Poison If You Don’t Know How to Use It: Facebook, Democracy, and Human Rights in Myanmar
Jenifer Whitten-Woodring, Mona S. Kleinberg, Ardeth Thawnghmung, and Myat The Thitsar

Populist Attitudes and Selective Exposure to Online News: A Cross-Country Analysis Combining Web Tracking and Surveys
Sebastian Stier, Nora Kirkizh, Caterina Froio, and Ralph Schroeder

Public Beliefs about Falsehoods in News
Karolina Koc-Michalska, Bruce Bimber, Daniel Gomez, Matthew Jenkins, and Shelley Boulianne

How Politics Shape Views Toward Fact-Checking: Evidence from Six European Countries
Ben Lyons, Vittorio Mérola, Jason Reifler, and Florian Stoeckel

Resilience to Online Disinformation: A Framework for Cross-National Comparative Research
Edda Humprecht, Frank Esser, and Peter Van Aelst

Protecting Democracy from Disinformation: Normative Threats and Policy Responses
Chris Tenove

Book Reviews
Book Review: The Revolution That Wasn’t: How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives
David Karpf

Book Review: Automating the News: How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Media
Cornelius Puschmann

Book Review: Social Evolution, Political Psychology, and the Media in Democracy: The Invisible Hand in the U.S. Marketplace of Ideas
Sharon Coen

Call for Papers for a Special Issue of The International Journal of Press/Politics: “Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement” (workshop deadline: 1/9/2020 – manuscript deadline: 1/2/2021)

Call for Papers for a Special Issue of The International Journal of Press/Politics

”Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement”

Guest editors:
Kim Andersen, University of Southern Denmark and University of Gothenburg
Jakob Ohme, University of Amsterdam
Erik Albæk, University of Southern Denmark
Claes H. de Vreese, University of Amsterdam

Also available on the journal website.

Citizens’ political engagement is essential for the well-functioning of democracies. From boycotting products and signing petitions to discussing politics, attending demonstrations, and voting, citizens’ political engagement shapes our societies. In order for such engagement to take place, people need information that can mobilize them. For a long time, the news media was the key source in this regard. As a natural consequence exposure to news and political information in the media is a well-known forerunner for democratic engagement.

The relationship between news exposure and democratic engagement is constantly evolving, however. In today’s hybrid media system, people get information about politics and society from various sources and on many different platforms. In the contemporary media environment an endless list of information sources, including legacy news outlets, alternative news sites, politicians, and interest organizations, are therefore competing for people’s attention. Exposure to political information can take place on traditional platforms, like television or newspapers, or on new digital platforms, such as social media sites or other private online platforms. Not all information is equally reliable, and mis- and disinformation is part of the information ecosystem. At the same time, new forms of political participation are also emerging, especially online where people, for example, can discuss politics or contact politicians without much investment.

When examining the consequences of such changes it is relevant to focus on young people. Young people grow up with and get socialized into a political world full of new information and engagement possibilities. As such, young people are to an increasing extent turning their backs to traditional legacy news outlets and getting political information on social media sites. At the same time, they are engaging in new forms of political participation. Young people can thus be seen as first movers—both when it comes to news ways of getting political information and new ways of engaging in politics.

In parallel, broader societal tendencies make young people especially interesting to study in this regard. Across Western societies, as seen with examples like the election of President Trump, Brexit, and the battle against climate change, the combination of changing demography and differential levels of political participation across age groups mean that younger generations are experiencing that older generations are deciding their future. Often these decisions are characterized by increasing support for authoritarian populists and redistributive policies that massively disadvantage the youth.

The developments described above call for new research examining young people’s exposure to news and their democratic engagement. Despite the high relevance of this relationship in contemporary societies, we know relatively little of how changes in the media and political environments are affecting the relationship between news exposure and democratic engagement for young people. How do young people engage with news and politics, and is their democratic engagement able to generate the change they hope for and in which way?

Against this backdrop, this special issue invites original research that fits the theme “Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement”. The invitation is open for any methodological tradition, seeks international contributions from across the globe, and is especially welcoming comparative work drawing attention to how contextual differences influence the relationships under consideration.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Comparative differences and similaritires in young people’s news consumption patterns across the world
  • What kind of political information are young people engaging with and with what democratic consequences?
  • Young people’s news avoidance and news snacking
  • Young people’s exposure to news on social media sites and its consequences for political knowledge and participation
  • Political socialization in a new and hybrid media environment
  • How does young people’s (digital) media literacy enable them to engage with news in today’s media environment with varying quality of political information?
  • Young people’s political discussions in networked (online) settings
  • How young people’s democratic engagement is affecting and affected by the norms of political discussion (civility, trolling, etc) and the quality of news?
  • Whether and how generational conflict between younger and older citizens is articulated on digital media
  • Novel news products and their relation with young people’s democratic engagement

Submission Information

Manuscript submissions for this special issue are due on 1 February 2021.

Please submit your work through our online submission portal (https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ijpp) and ensure that the first line of the cover letter states: “Manuscript to be considered for the special issue on Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement”. Manuscripts should follow the IJPP submission guidelines (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/journal/international-journal-presspolitics#submission-guidelines). Submissions will be subject to a double-blind peer review process and must not have been published, accepted for publication, or under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Please note that, to ensure consistency, submissions will only be considered for peer review after the 1 February 2021 deadline has passed. 

Authors interested in submitting their work are encouraged to contact Kim Andersen (kand@journalism.sdu.dk) with questions.

Timeline and Workshop information

As part of the process towards this special issue, we will hold an online international workshop with the possibility to opt-in for physical attendance at the University of Southern Denmark, the current situation permitting. The workshop will be held 19-20 November 2020 and will be a venue for feedback and discussion prior to formal paper submissions. The workshop is fully funded. We will reserve funding to work with scholars whose first language is not English.

  • Abstract submission for workshop: 1 September 2020 – send an abstract of maximum 500 words by email to Kim Andersen (kand@journalism.sdu.dk)
  • Notification of workshop acceptance: 8 September 2020
  • Workshop (with draft papers): 19-20 November 2020
  • Submission of full papers to IJPP Special Issue: 1 February 2021 (also open to papers not presented at the workshop)
  • Revisions and resubmission: August 2021
  • Online publication: January 2022
  • Print publication: April 2022 (issue 2-2022)

APSA Information Technology and Politics Section Statement of Support and Action Plan on Racial Justice and Equality

The Executive Board of the Information Technology and Politics section of the American Political Science Association, which I am honored to chair this year, has released a statement of support and action plan on racial justice and equality in response to, and as a contribution to addressing, the ongoing debate on racial injustice in the United States and around the world.

This statement was a genuine team effort for which the whole executive board deserves credit. While we have a long way to go, as a section and a discipline, to ensure we begin to diminish the presence and effects of systemic racism, we also have a clear shared purpose that this statement enshrines and commits us to implement, and be held accountable for.

You can read the full statement here.

Videos of the ICA Virtual Preconference “Visual Politics: Image Production, Perception, and Influence” (20 May 2020)

ica_full_wordmarkI am pleased to share the video recordings of the whole ICA preconference “Visual Politics: Image Production, Perception, and Influence”, that I co-organized with Professor Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University) on the 20th of May.

Session 1.1

Introduction
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University) and Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

Lo-fi Politics: Images of the Leader, Tactical Movements and Counter-Participative Cultures (Sardine versus Salvini)
Nello Barile (IULM University, Milan)

French Contemporary Populism: The Building of a Specific Aesthetic and Mode of Representation? An Analysis of Campaign Posters
Morgane Belhadi (Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle University)

Trump’s transgressive debate style and the televised performance of populism
Dhavan Shah (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Keynote Address — Visual Politics: Potentials and Challenges for Interdisciplinary Collaboration
Roland Bleiker (University of Queensland)

Session 1.2

Visual Misinformation in Comparative Perspective
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

‘I Spy with My Eye’: Influences of Camera Shots and Voters’ Party Affiliation on Candidate Evaluation in Televised Debates
Isabella Glogger (Technical University of Dortmund)

Factors Influencing the Journalistic Circulation of Traumatic Images: The Case of Alan Kurdi
Maria Kamal (University of Melbourne)

Session 2.1

@Everydayclimatechange and Three US Daily Newspapers: Comparing the Visual Representation of Climate Change
Alison Stieven-Taylor (Monash University, Melbourne)

The Strategic Visual Communication of Protests: Citizen Diplomacy? The Romanian Protests from 2017
Alina Dolea (Bournemouth University)

Kek’s Memes War on Instagram
Ahmed Al-Rawi (Simon Fraser University)

The Dictator’s ‘Screenplay’: Photographs of the Leader and Political Legitimation in East Asia’s Communist Regimes
Olli Hellman (University of Waikato)

Session 2.2

Visual framing of coronavirus coverage: The frame construction process
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University)

Memetic Protest: The Visual Political Aesthetics of Death, Injustice and Resistance in Digital Activist Cultures
Kelly Lewis (Queensland University of Technology)

Comparing Two Unsupervised Approaches of Clustering Political Visuals
Yilang Peng (University of Georgia)

The Visual Strategy of National Identity Appeal in Election Campaign Videos: Taiwan’s 2020 Experience (via YouTube)
Chung Jung-Chun (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London)

Concluding Remarks
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University) and Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

Program of the ICA Virtual Preconference “Visual Politics: Image Production, Perception, and Influence” (20 May 2020)

ica_full_wordmarkI am pleased to share the program of the ICA preconference “Visual Politics: Image Production, Perception, and Influence”, that I am co-organizing with Professor Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University). The event will take place on the 20th of May on Zoom and will be divided into two sessions to ensure that all presenters can attend. It will feature fourteen talks by scholars from four different continents and a keynote speech by Roland Bleiker, director of a cross-disciplinary program on visual politics at the University of Queensland and editor of the book Visual Global Politics (Routledge 2018).

The preconference is open to anyone who is interested. Please register on https://bit.ly/ICAVisual to receive a secure link.

Visual Politics: Image Production, Perception, and Influence – #icavisualpolitics
ICA Preconference Schedule

20 May 2020

Morning session

Note: All times are GMT time (UK time). Times for the talks are inclusive of Q&A.

8:00am Introduction
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University) and Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

Chair: Cristian Vaccari

8:10am Lo-fi Politics: Images of the Leader, Tactical Movements and Counter-Participative Cultures (Sardine versus Salvini)
Nello Barile (IULM University, Milan)

8:30am French Contemporary Populism: The Building of a Specific Aesthetic and Mode of Representation? An Analysis of Campaign Posters
Morgane Belhadi (Paris 3 Sorbonne Nouvelle University)

8:50am Trump’s transgressive debate style and the televised performance of populism
Dhavan Shah (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

9:10am Keynote Address — Visual Politics: Potentials and Challenges for Interdisciplinary Collaboration
Roland Bleiker (University of Queensland)

9:50am BREAK

Chair: Erik Bucy

10:00am Visual Misinformation in Comparative Perspective
Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

10:20am ‘I Spy with My Eye’: Influences of Camera Shots and Voters’ Party Affiliation on Candidate Evaluation in Televised Debates
Isabella Glogger (Technical University of Dortmund)

10:40am Factors Influencing the Journalistic Circulation of Traumatic Images: The Case of Alan Kurdi
Maria Kamal (University of Melbourne)

11:00am COFFEE HOUR OR HAPPY HOUR

Evening session

Note: All times are GMT time (UK time). Times for the talks are inclusive of Q&A.

Chair: Erik Bucy

10:00pm @Everydayclimatechange and Three US Daily Newspapers: Comparing the Visual Representation of Climate Change
Alison Stieven-Taylor (Monash University, Melbourne)

10:20pm The Strategic Visual Communication of Protests: Citizen Diplomacy? The Romanian Protests from 2017
Alina Dolea (Bournemouth University)

10:40pm Kek’s Memes War on Instagram
Ahmed Al-Rawi (Simon Fraser University)

11:00pm The Dictator’s ‘Screenplay’: Photographs of the Leader and Political Legitimation in East Asia’s Communist Regimes
Olli Hellman (University of Waikato)

11:20 BREAK

Chair: Cristian Vaccari

11:30 Visual framing of coronavirus coverage: The frame construction process
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University)

11:50pm Memetic Protest: The Visual Political Aesthetics of Death, Injustice and Resistance in Digital Activist Cultures
Kelly Lewis (Queensland University of Technology)

12:10am Comparing Two Unsupervised Approaches of Clustering Political Visuals
Yilang Peng (University of Georgia)

12:30am The Visual Strategy of National Identity Appeal in Election Campaign Videos: Taiwan’s 2020 Experience (via YouTube)
Chung Jung-Chun (School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London)

12:50am Concluding Remarks
Erik Bucy (Texas Tech University) and Cristian Vaccari (Loughborough University)

1:00am HAPPY HOUR OR COFFEE HOUR